What is called beauty?

Defining Beauty: An Exploration of Subjectivity and Cultural Norms

Beauty is a subjective and multifaceted concept, influenced by cultural, personal, and societal factors. It encompasses a wide spectrum of qualities, both physical and abstract, that elicit feelings of pleasure, admiration, or awe. The search for and appreciation of beauty has been an enduring pursuit throughout human history, finding expression in art, literature, music, and countless other forms.

While there is no universally agreed-upon definition of beauty, some common themes emerge across cultures. Symmetry, balance, and harmony are often considered aesthetically pleasing, as is the presence of vibrant colors, pleasing textures, and evocative sounds. Beauty can also be found in the natural world, such as the grandeur of mountains, the tranquility of forests, and the radiance of sunsets.

However, beauty is not limited to physical attributes. It can be found in qualities such as kindness, intelligence, creativity, or resilience. A beautiful person is often not simply attractive in appearance, but also possesses inner qualities that radiate outward. Similarly, a beautiful painting or piece of music may not adhere to traditional notions of beauty but still evoke a profound emotional response.

Cultural norms play a significant role in shaping our perceptions of beauty. Standards of physical appearance vary widely across cultures, with different societies emphasizing different features as attractive. The influence of media, fashion, and social media can also shape our idea of what is beautiful, potentially creating unrealistic or unattainable ideals.

Ultimately, beauty is a subjective and personal experience. What one person finds beautiful may not resonate with another. It is not about conforming to societal norms or adhering to a rigid definition. Instead, beauty is about finding joy, meaning, and inspiration in the things that move us and make us feel alive. It is a celebration of diversity, individuality, and the boundless wonders of the world around us.## [What is called beauty?]

Executive Summary

Beauty is a multifaceted concept that has been pondered by philosophers, artists, and scientists for centuries. Despite its elusive nature, beauty remains an integral part of human experience, inspiring awe, wonder, and connection. This article explores various perspectives on beauty, delving into its subjective, objective, and cultural dimensions to provide a comprehensive understanding of its essence.


Beauty, like truth and justice, is one of those qualities that is often spoken of but difficult, if not impossible, to define with precision. The word “beauty” comes from the Latin word “bellus,” meaning “beautiful.” The Greeks had a similar word, “kalos,” which they used to describe both beauty and goodness.

In everyday speech, “beautiful” is often used to describe something that is attractive, pleasing to the senses, or aesthetically pleasing. But beauty can be much more than this. Plato believed that beauty is an eternal, unchanging ideal that exists beyond the physical world. The medieval theologian Thomas Aquinas believed that beauty is one of the transcendental properties of being.

Throughout history, the concept of beauty has varied across cultures and civilizations. In some cultures, beauty is seen as a sign of virtue and goodness. In other cultures, it is seen as a sign of wealth and power. Today, beauty is often associated with youth, health, and vitality.

Subjectivity of Beauty

  • Personal preferences: Beauty is often seen as a matter of personal taste. What one person finds beautiful, another may find ugly.
  • Cultural influences: Cultural background and social norms can influence our perception of beauty. What is considéréd beautiful in one culture may not be considéréd beautiful in another.
  • Emotional responses: Our emotional state can also affect our perception of beauty. We are more likely to find something beautiful when we are happy and relaxed than when we are stressed or anxious.

Objectivity of Beauty

  • Mathematical ratios: Some people believe that beauty can be objectively measured using mathematical ratios. The Golden Ratio, for example, is often cited as a mathematical formula that creates aesthetically pleasing results.
  • Biological factors: There is some evidence that our brains are hardwired to find certain physical features attractive. These features may include symmetry, clear skin, and bright eyes.
  • Cross-cultural agreement: Studies have shown that there is some agreement across cultures about what is considered beautiful. This suggests that there may be some objective standards of beauty.

Beauty in Nature

  • The natural world: Many people find beauty in the natural world, such as the sunrise, a mountain vista, or a pristine waterfall.
  • Ecological balance: The beauty of nature can also be seen as a reflection of its ecological balance. A healthy and diverse environment is often more visually appealing than a polluted and degraded one.
  • Biodiversity: The variety of life on Earth is another source of natural beauty. The intricate beauty of coral reefs, for example, is a testament to the diversity of life on our planet.

Beauty and Culture

  • Artistic expression: Beauty is a central concept in art and culture. Artists have explored beauty in all its forms, from the sublime to the grotesque.
  • Cultural beliefs: Cultural beliefs about beauty can influencia the arts. In some cultures, for example, it is believed that beauty is synonymous with holiness.
  • Social status: In many cultures, beauty is seen as a sign of social status. Those who are considered beautiful often have more opportunities and privileges.


Beauty is a complex and multifaceted concept that has no single definition. It is subjective, objective, and cultural. Beauty can be found in nature, in art, and in everyday life. It is a source of joy, wonder, and inspiration.

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